The Meaning of “Proxy”: When a client makes a request for a web page, a proxy server steps in to act as a middleman between the client and the server that fulfills that request. The anonymity offered by proxies allows users to circumvent the limitations that many websites use to stop their content from being harvested by scraping programs.
Why do we need proxies: In order to meet their requirements for Ad Verification, Price Monitoring, Social Media Monitoring, Reputation Management, or Data Scraping, a big number of firms are interested in collecting enormous volumes of data from the web.
Regrettably, the majority of websites have limits in place that limit the kinds of data that may be taken from their platforms. Almost every website has a file called robots.txt that lays out the guidelines for how the owner of the website would want web spiders to operate.
The use of web crawlers is subject to limitations on many websites. They include geographic limits (the site is only accessible to visitors in certain geographic regions) and volume demands. the site is only visible to visitors in certain geographic areas (100 requests in 5 minutes). Websites have the ability to use blocking technologies such as CAPTCHA or simply refuse to load pages when they identify an activity of this kind.
Proxy servers direct online traffic via IP addresses that make it look as if the users are real site visitors, which enables users to get around certain limitations.
What does “Static Proxy” mean?
A static proxy maintains the same IP address for the course of its operation. Groups of IP addresses are known as static proxies, and data centers and ISPs sell or lease them to customers.
There are several benefits that come along with using static proxies. They function more quickly since there is just one “hop” between the requestor and the website they are trying to reach. The ability to retain intellectual property “for life” is one of the most significant benefits; you will own it for as long as you have a use for it.
There are also some drawbacks associated with using static proxies. It is possible that the supply of static IP addresses does not meet all of the geographical criteria for your data scraping, depending on the specifications of your project. Several e-commerce companies, such as Amazon, may ban static IP addresses from sending requests if they get an excessive number of them.
What does “Rotating Proxy” mean?
If the IP address that you are currently using is no longer available, or if you have enabled an automatic IP rotation in your proxy management, rotating proxies will provide you with a new IP address. The IP addresses may be made to cycle after a specified number of requests have been made, after a certain amount of time (in seconds or minutes), or as soon as the currently utilized IP address is no longer accessible. The proxy management system is responsible for determining when and how you will be given new IP addresses to use. The IP addresses that are used by rotating proxies come from a pool that contains home or mobile IP addresses. Users will opt to link their smartphones to the network in order to get a paid or ad-free app in return for their participation.
As compared to static proxies, rotating proxies provide a variety of benefits that users may make use of. To begin, rotating proxies make use of the IP addresses of millions of individual computers and mobile devices. This makes it possible to target specific geographic areas down to the city or state level. Second, the combination of IP rotation and valid IP addresses from home and mobile devices makes it very difficult to identify rotating IP addresses.
There are three major drawbacks associated with the use of rotating proxies. Rotating proxies take much longer to connect to than static proxies. Due to the fact that a gateway proxy server is required in order to provide a new IP address, the procedure includes an additional “hop.” The bandwidth of the pool of IP addresses, which includes households and mobile devices, is often smaller than that of data centers or ISP proxies. Last but not least, rotating proxies are often more costly than other types of proxies due to the fact that the proxy provider has to obtain and store millions of IP addresses.
Use Cases for Static Proxies and Rotating Proxies
Static Proxy: Verification of the Ad. Marketers are able to guarantee that the appropriate message and graphics are being provided to the appropriate audience and directed to the appropriate landing page by having the ability to see advertisements in the role of a user from specified countries, states, or localities.
Testing for Network Vulnerability to Attacks A network must pass a penetration test in order to get an ISO 27001 accreditation. The volume, speed, and anonymity necessary for effective penetration testing may all be facilitated by the use of static proxies.
Management of accounts on social media platforms. Control several profiles on Facebook, Instagram, and other social media platforms from a variety of geographical locations.
Management of One’s Reputation The use of static proxies is beneficial when it comes to gathering information on the reputation of your firm on the internet. This may include things like favorable and negative reviews left by customers, references in the news, and mentions on social media platforms.
Rotating Proxy: Analysis of the competitive market for eCommerce Get price information as well as product inventory data from your rivals.
Business Intelligence. The gathering of sensitive public data, such as the information found on LinkedIn, calls for the anonymity and scalability that may be provided via rotating residential proxies.
Conclusion: There are advantages and disadvantages to using either static or dynamic proxies. You need to ask yourself the following questions in order to choose which one to employ in order to: What is the level of difficulty of the website I wish to scrape? Do I need those intellectual property rights in the long run? Do I need instant access (there is a KYC procedure for rotating proxies, right? ), or can I wait?
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